EUROPEAN UNION (EU) LAW TUTOR
OUR LAW TUTORS
A European Union (EU) Law tutor is a subject-matter expert in a variety of courses and subjects that are taught on university law courses. Law remains a very prestigious subject that is much sought after as a university discipline. It is worth its weight in its own right. For many law graduates, the degree they hold is good currency for a job in many sectors. This is why a law tutor will be a go-to for many students.
A EU Law Tutor is always someone who is willing to teach and transfer their knowledge and vocation in a variety of settings, both face to face and online. Our law tutors teach various programmes which include the law undergraduate LLB and the Post Graduate Diploma in Law. As is the case with the majority of companies and practises across the legal profession, a law tutor will embrace a hybrid working model that allows his students to work remotely on days when they are not obliged to be in lectures, allowing them to maintain a healthier study-life balance.
WHAT IS EUROPEAN UNION LAW?
EU law governs approximately 80% of the economic Law of its member-states. Therefore, it is vital that a student successfully pass this subject to become a lawyer. Even after Brexit, the UK will still count on the EU as one of its closer commercial partners. Hence, a good knowledge of EU Law remains needed for a British lawyer.
STUDYING EUROPEAN UNION LAW
From 1973, EU law has been an intrinsic component of the legal system of the United Kingdom, and it has been taught in every qualifying law degree offered in each of the UK's three jurisdictions - Scotland, England & Wales, and Northern Ireland – since the country's inception.
WHY DOES THE EU KEEP EXPANDING?
The European Union is sui generis organization that has unique features. It is very different from the traditional approach of international organizations. Some theories are discussed below.
Intergovernmentalism is an alternative theory of political integration, where power in international organizations is possessed by the member-states and decisions are made by unanimity. Independent appointees of the governments or elected representatives have solely advisory or implementational functions. Intergovernmentalism is used by most international organizations today. An alternative method of decision-making in international organizations is supranationalism.
Intergovernmentalism is also a theory on European integration which rejects the idea of neo-functionalism. The theory, initially proposed by Stanley Hoffmann and refined by Andrew Moravcsik suggests that governments control the level and speed of European integration. Any increase in power at supranational level, he argues, results from a direct decision by governments. He believed that integration, driven by national governments, was often based on the domestic political and economic issues of the day. The theory rejects the concept of the spill over effect that neo-functionalism proposes. He also rejects the idea that supranational organisations are on an equal level (in terms of political influence) as national governments.
Supranationalism is a method of decision-making in political communities, wherein power is held by independent appointed officials or by representatives elected by the legislatures or people of the member states. Member-state governments still have power, but they must share this power with others. Because decisions are taken by majority votes, it is possible for a member-state to be forced by the other member-states to implement a decision. Unlike a federal state, member states fully retain their sovereignty and participate voluntarily, being subject to the supranational government only while remaining members.
Neo-functionalists argue that the supranational institutions of the European Union themselves have been a driving force behind European integration; reinterpreting agreed results from Intergovernmental Conferences in order to expand the mandate of EU legislation into new and more diverse areas. The theory of neo-functionalism is felt by some to be important as it may explain much of the thinking behind the early proponents of the European Union, such as Jean Monnet, who saw increased European integration as the most important precursor to a peaceful Europe. Neo-functionalism assumes a decline in importance of nationalism and the nation-state; it sees the executive power and interest groups within states to be pursuing a welfarist objective which is best satisfied by integration of EU states. The thinking behind the neo-functionalist theory can be best described by considering the three mechanisms which neo-functionalists see as key to driving the process of integration forwards. These are positive spill over, the transfer of domestic allegiances and technocratic automaticity:
Positive spill over is the concept that integration between states in one economic sector will quickly create strong incentives for integration in further sectors; in order to fully capture the benefits of integration in the original sector.
The mechanism of a transfer in domestic allegiances can be best understood by first noting that an important assumption within neo-functionalist thinking is of a pluralistic society within the relevant nation states. Neo-functionalists claim that, as the process of integration gathers pace, interest groups and associations within the pluralistic societies of the individual nation states will transfer their allegiance away from national institutions towards the supranational European institutions. They will do this because they will, in theory, come to realise that these newly formed institutions are a better conduit through which to pursue their material interests than the pre-existing national institutions.
Finally, technocratic automaticity describes the way in which, as integration hastens, the supranational institutions set up to oversee that integration process will themselves take the lead in sponsoring further integration as they become more powerful and more autonomous of the member states.
EUROPEAN UNION LAW TUTOR
Our EU Law tutors are seasoned professors who have also been called to the Bar. We worked together to construct a book for our students that serves as a comprehensive source of vital knowledge and strives to equip law students with a solid understanding of this topic. Why not employ an EU Law tutor who has written this book on the essential topics of European Union Law?